hypotheses: MBI-GS. There are days when I feel tired before I arrive at work. Thereafter, all em-relationship with vigor and dedication (Hakanen et ployees received paper-and-pencil questionnaires andal., 2006; Mauno., 2007). Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, Jackson,. Organizational Psychology, 73, 53 slach,., Schaufeli,. They rephrased burnout as an erosion of en- Work pressure and autonomy are two job character-gagement with the job, whereby energy turns into istics that have been related to burnout and to workexhaustion, involvement turns into cynicism, and ef- engagement. Moreover, vigor, as dened by Schaufeli and from all age groups and in different sectors. How-Bakker (2003, 2004 in addition to the core meaning ever, the ndings seem generally consistent withof high energy levels, seems to include a motivational Gonzalez-Roma. Burnout AND work engagement 211eral, work object, and work content. Note thatve items of the affective organizational commitment while all (sub-)scales had sufcient reliability, for olbiscale developed by Meyer, Allen, and Smith (1993). The examination istwo correlated second-order factors, (1).59, accomplished by adding each construct (as latentns, or Model 1, the rst-order factor model ( 2 factors with manifest variables) separately to Model(2).70, ns).
The, oldenburg Burnout Inventory : A good
The Oldenburg Burn- Demerouti,., Nachreiner,. In order to minimize the inuence of thissame construct. Contrary to exhaustion as opera-tral role of exhaustion and cynicism as the core tionalized in the MBI-GS, the olbi covers affectivedimensions of burnout, as opposed to the third com- but also physical and cognitive aspects of exhaustion. All items are scored on a seven-point scale, ranging from (0) never to (6) Hypothesis 4: Exhaustion and vigor will be every day. The model including separate exhaus-ferred from three item parcels (each representing the tion and vigor second-order factors showed that theaverage of two items) as manifest variables. The olbi items are displayed in ment for the olbi, vigor and dedication for thethe Appendix. (R) means reversed item when the scores should be such that higher scores indicate more burnout. Two second-order factors 334.01 114.001.90.06.92.934.
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